Introduction to Varshapal / Tajik Astrology

21 Jan

Introduction to Varshapal / Tajik Astrology

The Varshapal or the Annual Horoscopy is one of the techniques of Vedic Astrology employed to understand the occurrence of events in a particular year. This is also called ‘Tajaka / Tajik’ system of astrology. The Varshapal is more popular in northern India, although it is studied in south India. This technique differs from rest in that it pertains to one particular year of a native’s life and examine it in minute details. Therefore, the validity of this prediction is one year only. Annual horoscopy is sought after by persons interested in Career planning, travel planning, work planning and job planning and various other important aspects of life.

The Varshapal, is solar based. In other words, it is the position of the sun which matters. The solar year begins every time the Sun returns to the same longitude as it was at the time of birth. Between this time and the next solar return is covered by one annual chart or the Varsha Kundali. The time of solar return is called Varshapravesha

Preparation of Varsha Kundali

1. For the year in question, you have to determine the exact time and date at which Sun returns to same longitude.

2. This requires the use of Table of Ascendant and Ephemeris of that year.

3. Once the time and date are determined, cast the horoscope for that time (take this as DOB &TOB)

4. The chart so obtained is Varsha Kundali and is valid for one year.

5. Please remember the date may not be the same as your DOB and may shift by a day or two since Sun takes three hundred and sixty-five days, six hours, nine minutes and about ten seconds to come to same longitude.

6. Annual chart should always be calculated for the place of birth irrespective of the fact that the native may live in any place for the time being.


The Muntha is an important point in the Varsha Kundali. It is the Rashi in which the Lagna is located at the time of the birth. Each year, the Muntha will progress by one Rashi. Therefore, it is also called ‘Progressed Ascendant’. For example, if you are casting the annual chart for 50th birthday, Muntha will progress 50 Rashis from its original Rashi where the Lagna was located in birth chart. The formula to calculate Muntha: Subtract one year from native’s age, add it to the ascendant sign and divide the total with12. The remainder will be the sign where Muntha is located. 

Muntha Lord

The lord of the sign in which the Muntha is located is called the Muntha Lord. In the annual chart, the Muntha lord yields desirable or adverse results according to its location, strength, and other planetary influences on it.

The Lord of the year

The Lagna lord of the Varsha Kundali is called Varshesha or the Varsheshwara. He plays an important role in the annual chart. It is supposed to significantly influence the events that takes place during the year. A strong Varsha Lord ensures success, prosperity and good health throughout the year in question, while a weak one indicates the reverse. The Varsha lord is selected out of five planets also called ‘Five Office Bearers’ which hold special significance during the year.

Five Office Bearers

In the annual chart, there are Five Office Bearers (Pancha-Adhikaris) which holds special significance. These hold five different portfolios. In astrology, Lagna lord is the most important concept. These five are basically five types of Lagna lords. These five office bearers are:

1. Lagna lord of the birth chart

2. Lord of sign in which Muntha is placed or Muntha Lord.

3. Lagna lord of the annual chart or Varsha Lord

4. Lord of Sun/ Moon sign in the annual chart or Dina-Ratri Pati i.e. lord of day or night respectively. The lord of the sign in which Sun & Moon are located are called alternate Lagna lord. In the annual chart, if the Varshapravesha is in day time, the lord of the sign in which Sun is located becomes the candidate; but if birth is at night, lord of the sign in which the Moon is located, becomes the candidate. Day is considered from sun-rise to sun-set and night is from the sun-set to the next sun-rise.

5. Tri-Rashi Pati: This is a novel concept and varies from sign to sign of Varsha Lagna and also as Varshapravesha is in day time or night time. The table below gives the Tri-Rashi Pati for different Lagnas:


Tr- Rashi Pati

There are certain rules for selecting the Varsha Lord 
1. It should be strongest of office-bearers. The strength of the planet is determined by Pancha Vargeeya Bala which is made up of the following:

  • Kshetra Bal
  • Uchcha Bala
  • Hudda Bala
  • Drekkana Bala
  • Navamsha Bala

2.  It should, at the same time, aspect the Varsha Kndali Lagna.

The Dasha System

In Varshapal several Dashas have been described for the annual chart.They are as follows:

(a) The Mudda Dasha
(b) The Yogini Dasha
(c)  The Patyayini Dasha
The Mudda Dasha and the Yogini Dasha are Nakshatra-based Dashas, and depend on the birth Nakshatra. They are similar to Vimshottari Dasha in the natal horoscope, with the difference that their period is reduced to one year. The Mudda Dasha is the most popular of the three Dashas mentioned above.
 Tajik Yogas

They are unique to this system and bears no resemblance to Yogas prescribed by Parashara. These Yogas are also used in Prasna/ Horary predictions. There are 16 Yogas which are commonly used. They are

(1) The Ikabala Yoga (2) The Induvara Yoga (3) The Ithasala Yoga (4) The Ishrafa Yoga (5) The Nakta Yoga (6) The Yamaya Yoga (7) The Manau Yoga (8) The Kamboola Yoga (9) The Gairi-Kamboola Yoga (10) The Khallasara Yoga (11) The Rudda Yoga (12) The Duphali-Kuttha Yoga (13) The Dutthottha – Davira Yoga (14) The Tambira Yoga (15) The Kuttha Yoga (16) The Durpaha Yoga 


The Sahams are the sensitive points arrived at by addition / multiplication of the longitudes of the ascendant and some other planets which are Karyesha (Significator) of the event. Each Saham then denotes one particular event of life during the year indicated by the annual chart like marriage, child birth, fame, travel, illness, death, etc.

The number of Sahams recommended for application to an annual chart varies from one astrologer to another. The Classic ‘Tajik Neelakanti” describes fifty Sahams.It is not necessary to calculate all the Sahams described in the texts and pick up only the relevant Sahams pertaining to a particular interest to the individual.
The Tripataki Chakra


The Tripataki chakra consists of a special charting of various planets as located in the birth chart in relation to the ascendant in the annual chart. The planets are progressed by one sign every year starting from position at birth. The application and analysis of the Tripataki gives a very broad overview of the nature of events likely to dominate one particular year. While the Vedha to any planet or the Lagna can be determined by charting the planets on the Tripataki, it is customary only to consider the various planetary influences on the Moon, or sometimes on the ascendant.

Three parallel lines are drawn vertically. Across these are drawn three parallel lines horizontally. The ends of these lines are joined as shown in Figure below:

Tri Pataki Chakra 
Marking the Rashis

The central flag (marked ‘a’) represents the ascendant in the annual chart. The sign rising at the time of    Varshapravesha is marked here. The remaining signs are marked in order, in an anti-clockwise fashion, along the points ‘b’, ‘c’, ‘d’, etc. This forms the skeleton on which the progressed planets will be located.



15 Responses to “Introduction to Varshapal / Tajik Astrology”

  1. ravindran January 22, 2016 at 19:06 #

    how many horoscopes you predicted and came correct???

    • Jyothishi January 22, 2016 at 19:43 #

      Yes, I use this specially for Marriage and Foreign Travel. These have given fairly good results…Vivaha Saham and Paradesha Saham. This I have used to confirm my Dasha / Bhukti predictions.

      Not many South Indians come to me for Varshapal.


  2. Govind January 25, 2016 at 19:49 #

    Thank you so much for your detailed article on Varshapal. Kindly let me know whether we have to retain the original birth place or calculate Varshapal on the basis of the place where one resides at the time of solar return every year. Few renowned astrologers use lunar return for Varshapal prediction. When lunar year is constant and varies from solar year, how can we account for the time difference as well as yearly Dasha and bhukti differences in the calculations and prediction? Kindly enlighten me. Thank you.

    • Jyothishi January 25, 2016 at 20:35 #

      1.Dr BV Raman in his Book ‘Varshapal’ clearly states that annual chart should always be
      calculated for the place of birth irrespective of the fact that the native may live in any
      place for the time being.

      2. Moon returns to its original longitude every month. Where is the question of annual return?

      3. In the Annual Horoscope, Moon will be in different longitude and hence annual chart has its own Dasha system.
      For yearly prediction, we use this system and not the original Dasha / Bhukti of natal chart.


  3. Govind February 1, 2016 at 15:36 #

    Thank you so much. I am sorry I failed to mention ‘Thithi Pravesa’. As I understand like solar return, moon’s return may also mean the exact thithi at the exact degrees and minutes of the lunar year. Once again my heartfelt thanks.

  4. J v vrao December 29, 2017 at 09:42 #

    Very good eloberation of varshapal beginners of astrologers

  5. adityamahobia December 30, 2017 at 12:31 #

    Thank you Sir.You are the Light house for me in the field of Astrology.
    Thanks Sir.

  6. omprakash agarwal August 13, 2021 at 19:18 #

    I am reading astrology since 1958 but not professional want to know, in varsh kundli and janam kundli lagna is same will be bad or good. not found in any book.
    omprakash agarwal

    • Jyothishi August 13, 2021 at 19:49 #

      Muntha (Varshapal Lagna) is the progressed ascendant that travels one Rashi or Sign per year beginning from the Lagna at birth. In a continuous cycle after 12 years it would come to occupy the same sign as the natal Lagna

      Muntha same as natal Lagna gives
      • Victory over enemies.
      • Native is able to attain high position and success in business.
      • Gets the support of high authority at workplace
      • Achieves financial benefits and good health.


  7. Gautam August 16, 2021 at 17:28 #

    I am a student of Astrology and learning about Tajik Shastra. I have a query in the calculation of Exaltation strength in Panchvargeeya Bala. The concept of deducting the longitude of planet from debilitation point is a point of contention. Why not consider the distance travelled from the exaltation point? Also while calculating the position of the planet from the debilitation point, the addons of adding 12 signs and deduction of 12 signs later is something i could not picture. Could you provide an explaination for this

    • Jyothishi August 16, 2021 at 20:05 #

      Look, I am not going into rationale as to why this method has been given in the classics.
      I am also of opinion that it is simple to calculate Uchha Bala by mathematical progression.
      For Example for Sun, Exaltation Point is 10 Deg Aries and Debilitation point is 10 Deg Libra.
      Therefore for every 9 Deg one point of Bala is added or taken away. If Sun is at 124 Deg
      take the difference from either Aries or Libra and calculate Bala i.e. for every 9 Deg one point bala
      and either add or subtract as the case may be.


      • Ashu Gaur August 26, 2021 at 12:16 #

        what are the results when muntha(leo) is in 2nd house, munthesh(sun) also in 2nd house and natal ascendent lord(mars) also in 2nd house in the varshphala chart?
        Varshphal ascendant lord in 10the house and jupiter is aspecting 2nd house from the 8th house.

        • Jyothishi August 26, 2021 at 12:45 #

          Wow…only this much. Madam, please see the “Consultation” page and I will guide you further.

  8. Dev September 26, 2021 at 02:07 #

    should varshapal be compared to dasha phal. Why both are required.

    • Jyothishi September 27, 2021 at 12:34 #

      Varshapal is a part of overall Dasha Phal and invariably both be referred / consulted before predicting anything for Varshapal.

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