Avasthas – Sanketanidhi

31 May

‘Om Gurubyo Namaha


Sanketanidhi (Treasure of learning) is a book of essence of knowledge extracted from various classics on Hindu astrology by Shri Ram Dayalu, an astrologer, for the benefit of his nephew Shri Ghasi Ram (son of Ram Dayalu’s eldest brother Shri Vazir Chand Sharma) so that he can become proficient in astrology.

In Chapter (Sanketa) V, he describes various Avasthas, method of calculation and the result of planets placed in that Avasthas. I shall summarise the process in following paragraphs.


There are 12 Avasthas the names of which are as follows:

  • Shayana or lying down
  • Upaveshana or sitting
  • Netrapani or with a hand on the eye,
  • Prakasha or shining
  • Gamana or going
  • Agama or not going
  • Aasthanee /Sabha or attendance in assembly
  • Aagama or coming
  • Bhuji /Bhojana or eating
  • Nrityalipsa or desire to dance
  • Kautuka or curiousity
  • Nidra or sleep.

Methodology /steps in calculation of Avasthas of Planets

Sanketanidhi recommends the following method:

  • Note the planetary number of the planet (Sun 1, Moon 2, Mars 3, Mercury 4, Jupiter 5, Venus 6, Saturn 7, Rahu 8 and Ketu 9)
  • Find the number of star (reckoned from Aswini) occupied by the planet.
  • Find the product of two above. Call it ‘A’
  • Find the degree occupied by the planet in the sign and multiply this by “A”
  • Call this product “B”
  • To this product (“B”) add the following
    • The number of the natal star (reckoned) from Ashwini
    • The number of Ghatis at birth counted from the previous sun rise (Note: One Hour = 2.5 Ghatis, One Min = 2.5 V Ghatis)
    • The number of Ascendant counted from Aries.
    • The resulting sum should be divided by 12.
    • The remainder represents the number of the Avastha counted from Shayana.

 Brihat Parashara Hour Shastra recommends the following method for finding out the Avasthas of planets. I advise students to adopt this method because, it is simpler than the one mentioned above.

  • Find the number of star (reckoned from Aswini) occupied by the planet.
  • Multiply this by the planetary number (Sun 1, Moon 2, Mars 3, Mercury 4, Jupiter 5, Venus 6, Saturn 7, Rahu 8 and Ketu 9) – Call this product “A”
  • Multiply “A” by the number of Navamsha occupied by the planet. Call this product “B”
  • To “B” add the number of Star occupied by the Moon in Rashi Chart (Janma Nakshatra)……Call this product “C”
  • To “C” add the number of Ascendant counting from Aries. Call this “D”
  • Divide “D” by 12 and note down the remainder.
  • Remainder indicates Avastha of the planet
  • Note: Remainder Zero is taken as 12.



Rashi Chart

To find Avastha of Mercury

Mercury is in Krittika 2 Pada – 3rd Star from Aswini

Planetary Number is 4

Mercury in 1st Navamsha

Natal Moon is in Krittika 1 Pada – 3rd Star from Aswini

Asc is 5th from Aries

Therefore Avastha = 3X4X1=12+3+5=20

20 divided by 12 gives a remainder of 8

8 represent ‘Aagama’ Avastha


Effects of Planets in various Avasthas


Shayana: Ulcer or wound in anus, pain or some other trouble in chest, fear from father, loss of wealth. Upaveshana: Wicked thoughts in mind and enmity with others. Netrapani: Plenty of happiness, gain of wealth from the king or government. Prakasha: Liberal minded, honour and happiness. Gamana: Lazy, impure, unhappy, angry, illicit relations with other women. Agama: Attached to other peoples wives, passionate, wicked, defamed. Aasthanee: Member of assemblies, helping others, forgives others easily. Aagama: Weak, harassed and defeated by enemies, wicked, unstable mind, fond of intoxicants. Bhuji: Worried, evil minded, miserable, loss of wealth. Nrityalipsa: Happy, honoured by assembly of nobles. Kautuka: Conquest over enemies, honoured by king or government. Nidra:-Bereft of wife and wealth, very lazy.


Shayana: Stupid, poor. Upaveshana: Thief, sickly, stupid. Netrapani: Speaks harshly, rogue. Prakasha: Equipped with good qualities, favourite of the king or government, always happy. Gamana: Suffers from eye trouble even if Moon is in Shukla Paksha (waxing). Agama: Poverty, suffers from diseases of the feet. Aasthanee: Like a king, fond of women. Aagama: Waxing Moon is auspicious but if waning, the native would be sickly. Bhuji: Many kinds of comforts and happiness if Moon be Waxing. Waning Moon gives inauspicious results. Nrityalipsa: Enjoys charming music if the birth be in Shukla Paksha (bright half). It would not be so in the Krishna Paksha (dark half). Kautuka: King of kings, clever, wealthy and fond of all kinds of luxuries, women etc. Nidra: Would command honour and respect if Moon be associated with Jupiter. It would not be so if Moon be with Rahu.


Shayana: The native suffers from skin diseases like ring worm, itches herpes, etc. Upaveshana:  Sinful, wealthy but of perverted mind. Netrapani-If Mars be in a house other than Ascendant and be in this Avastha, the native would become the chief official of the town. Prakasha: The native would become a king if Mars in this Avastha be in a house other than the 5th and be associated with Jupiter. Gamana: Quarrels, troubles, unhappiness, fear, loss of wealth. Agama: Receives love and affection from others, happy, conquest over enemies with great effort. Aasthanee (Sabha): The native would indulge in sinful acts if Mars in this Avastha be in 9th, the 5th and the 12th house. His cherished desires would be fulfilled if it be posited in other houses. Aagama: Evil minded, sinful, sickly. Bhojan: Sinful, fond of sweet things. Nrityalipsa: Happy in every respect. Kautuka: Blessed by friends, children and wealth. Nidra: Poor, hot-tempered, troubled, impure.


Shayana: Crippled, red eyes. If Mercury be posited in a house other than Ascendant, the native would be stupid. Upaveshana: If Mercury, while in this Avastha, be posited in its friendly or exaltation sign, the native would be fortunate. If Mercury be associated with or aspected by malefics, the native would be poor. Netrapani: If Mercury, while in this Avastha, be posited in 5th house, the native would be issueless, unsteady but very intelligent. Prakasha: Lord, learned, destroyer of wicked people, kindly, sympathetic, clean hearted and happy. Gamana: Gets happiness from the king or government. Agama: Wealthy and builder of beautiful houses. Sabha: If Mercury, while in this Avastha be in its sign of exaltation, the native would get all round happiness. Aagama: Famous, father of twins. Bhojana: Quarrelsome, mischievously inclined, thin and lean. He would also be fond of prostitutes. Nrityalipsa:  All happiness, very wealthy. Kautuka: If Mercury, while in this Avastha, be posited in Ascendant or 9th house, it would be very auspicious for the native. If Mercury be posited in 7th or 8th house, the native would seek pleasure from prostitutes.


Shayana: Fair complexion, fear of enemies. Upaveshana: Talkative, proud, would suffer on account of enemies, would be punished by the king (government), would have ulcers or wounds. Netrapani: Sickly, poor, addicted to women of the prohibited class, always inclined towards sensual pleasures. Prakasha: Passionate, brilliant, devotee of God Vishnu, very rich. Gamana: Blessed with many friends, children and wealth. Agama: Famous all over the country for good qualities, unlimited wealth, very learned eager. Sabha: Honoured and wealthy. Aagama: Like a king, honoured many relations dependents and servants; would enjoy all happiness. Bhojana: Fond of sweets, many brothers, wealthy. Nrityalipsa: Would be able to understand the true nature of Brahman, would be opulent. Kautuka: Respected by brothers and relations. Nidra: Perverted, poor, not charitably inclined.


Shayana:  Dental troubles, dishonored. Upaveshana: Respected by government, happy, destroyer of enemy. Netrapani: While in this Avastha if Venus be in 10th, 7th or 6th house, the native would be deprived of his eye sight. Prakasha: The native would become a great man if Venus be posited in its own, exaltation or a friendly sign. Gamana: Native would act against the wishes of his mother and suffer from diseases. Sabha: Like a king, conquest over enemies famed for his good qualities. Aagama: Benefit of wife, children and wealth, sickly. Bhojan: -suffers from hunger, enemy and diseases. Nrityalipsa: Intelligent, wealthy. Kautuka: becomes an important person, wealthy, respected. Nidra: defamed, dumb and deaf.


Shayana: Suffers from hunger and thirst, hard working, sickly in first portion of life and happy in the latter portion. Upaveshana: Proud, gets imprisonment as a result of wrath of government, suffers from tuberculosis. Netrapani: Very wealthy, owns lands, very patient and satisfied, has good knowledge of arts. Prakasha: Devotee of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva, clever, wise, intelligent, sympathetic, happy. Gamana: Wealthy, happiness from relations, capable. Agama: Bereft of children, sickly, would be roaming about alone. Sabha: Wealthy, happy, brilliant. Aagama-Sickly, idiot, belongs to low caste, bereft of enjoyment. Bhojan: would get richly flavoured meals, would suffer from eye trouble. Nrityalipsa: Wealthy, charitable. Kautuka: Would have the pleasure of enjoying dance and music by young beautiful girls. Nidra: Would become a great personage of all tastes, capable of enjoying several merits in them, and would be happy.


Shayana: While being posited in Taurus, Gemini, Aries or Virgo, if Rahu be in Shayanavastha, the native would be wealthy. Rahu’s position in other signs would bring about unfavourable results for the native. Upaveshana: The native would be penniless though favoured by the king or government. Netrapani: Fear from thieves, serpents, enemies, rogues, loss of wealth, eye trouble. Prakasha: Famous, like a king, good qualities, wealthy, dark in appearance, lucky. Gamana: -Happy, intelligent, good children, honoured by the king or government. Agama: Does not receive affection or love, sickly, angry temperament, rogue. Sabha: Learned, wealthy but miserly, good qualities. Aagama: Differences with relations fall from high position as a result of some conspiracy by enemies. Bhojana: Suffers from hunger and separation from his family members. Nrityalipsa: Eye-trouble and danger from enemies. Kautuka: Thief has illicit relations with other women. Nidra: Good wife and children


The effects of Ketu in different Avasthas would be the same as those of Rahu.

Author’s Note

The latter half of this Chapter V describes the effects of planets in certain Avasthas as a result of the following

  • the planets occupying particular houses
  • Aspect received by them from other planets in a birth chart.

Those interested in further research are advised to go through this Chapter in detail.

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