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Aide Memoire for Mahurtha

21 Jun
   Om Gurubyo Namaha

Aide Memoire for Mahurtha

While selecting a suitable day and time for any undertaking, the prevalent Thithi (Lunar day), Nakshatra (Star constellation in which the Moon is placed at that time) and the Yoga (auspiciousness) are taken into consideration. If you don’t have an astrologer to guide you, the following basic information will help you. Please note that in Vedic Astrology everything has its functional use. Some days may be auspicious for some things, but inauspicious for other things. The following points will help you to fix simple Mahutha.

15 Thithis

1. From Sun rise to next day Sun rise is one Thithi.
2. The Thithi prevailing at the time of Sun rise will be taken as the Thithi for the day.
3. There are 30 Thithis in a month counted as 15 of Shukla Paksha and 15 of Krishna Paksha.
4. The Thithis are classified as follows:
  • 1, 6 & 11 – Nanda
  • 2, 7 & 12 – Bhadra
  • 3, 8 & 13 – Jaya
  • 4, 9 & 14 – Rikta
  • 5,10 &15 – Poorna
5. The names indicate the effects of these Thithis. The result of the work done on these days is according their names.
6. Rikta means empty signifying that important work done on these days do not fructify / there is no success.
7. Business undertakings or negotiations started on Poorna Thithi will bear positive results.
8. From Shukla Paksha to 5th Thithi is inauspicious because Moon is powerless.
9. From 6th to 10th Thithi the Moon is medium strength.
10 From 11th to 15th (Poornima) the Moon is of full strength.
11. Reverse is the case for Thithis in Krishna Paksha.
Details of each Thithis are as follows:

1st Thithi – Pratipath – The presiding deity of the first Thithi in Brahma / Agni and is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies.
2nd Thithi – Dwitiya – Vidhata / Brahma rules this Thithi and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.
3rd Thithi – Tritiya – Vishnu / Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one’s hair and nails and shaving.
4th Thithi – Chaturthi – Ganesha / Yama is the lord of the 4th Thithi, which is good for the destruction of one’s enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.
5th Thithi – Panchami – The Moon / Sarpa rules this day, which is favourable for administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.
6th Thithi – Shasti – Karthikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.
7th Thithi – Sapthami – The 7th Thithi is ruled by Indra /Ravi one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things as a movable nature.
8th Thithi – Asthami –  The Vasus / Shiva rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one’s defenses and fortification.
9th Thithi – Navami – The Serpent / Durga rules this day, with is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction and violence.
10th Thithi – Dashami – The day is ruled by Dharma and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices and other pious activities.
11th Thithi – Ekadashi – Rudra / Viswa Devas rules this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of the Supreme Lord are very favourable.
12th Thithi – Dwadhashi – The Savitri / Vishnu rules this day, which is auspicious for religious ceremonies the lighting of the sacred fire and the performance of one’s duties.
13th Thithi – Trayodashi – The day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.

14th Thithi – Chaturdashi – Kali / Shiva rules this day suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.

15th Thithi – Amavasya or Poornima – The Vaisva-devas / Moon rule the New Moon and is suitable for the propitiation of the Devas and performance of austerities.
Note: There are 4 important tithis which do not require any Mahurtha, since each of the entire tithi is considered good. Any important work like wedding etc. can be done on these tithis. These are:
    1 Chaitra Shukla Pratipath (Prathama)
    2 Akshaya Tritiya
    3 Vijaya Dashami
    4 Karthika Shukla Pratipath (Prathama)

27 Nakshatras

The Nakshatra are divided into following categories:
1. Dhruva /Sthira (Fixed): Rohini, Uttaraphalguni, Uttarashada, and Uttarabhadrapada are in this category and are favourable for digging wells, laying foundations or cities, expiatory rituals, planting trees, coronations, buying lands, meritorious deeds, sowing of seeds, installation of Deities, the building of a temple, or any other activity desirous of a lasting or permanent effect.
2. Mridu / Maitreya (Soft / Gentle): Mrigasira, Chitra, Anuradha, and Revati belong to this category and are good for fine arts, learning, making friendships, sensual pleasures, decorations, sexual union, wearing new apparel, marriage, singing and dancing, processions, auspicious ceremonies, festivities, dealings of agriculture, and journeys.
3. Kshipra / Laghu (light / Swift): Ashwini, Pushya, and Hasta are good for sports, enjoying items of luxury, starting industries, skilled Labour, medical treatments, starting education, starting journeys, seeing friends, buying and selling, the performance of spiritual activities, decorations, fine arts, exercise, and for giving or receiving loans.
4. Teekshna / Daruna (Dreadful): Aridra, Aslesha, Jyeshta, and Moola are suitable for success in warfare, invocation of elementals and other spirits, imprisonment, separations, acts of destruction, and the breaking of alliances with superiors.
5. Chara / Chala (Movable / Quick): Punarvasu, Swati, Shravana, Dhanista and Satabhisha are stars favourable for undertaking travel, acquiring conveyances, gardening, going on processions, visiting friends, and anything of a temporary nature.
6. Ugra / Kroora Fierce / Cruel): Bharani, Magha, Purvaphalguni, Purvashadha, and Purvabhadrapada are suitable for acts of evil, deceit, and conflict, destruction of enemies, incarceration, poisoning, arson, battle, setting fire, acts of destruction, ill-repute, and cruelty.
7. Mishra / Sadharana (Mixed): Krittika and Visakha are good for routine duties, one’s professional responsibilities, and any activities of day-to-day importance.
Dagdha Nakshatras: The following Nakshatras are considered inauspicious for commencing any new work or venture, if they fall on the days as given below:
Sunday – Bharani
Monday – Chitra
Tuesday – Uttarashadha
Wednesday – Dhanishtha
Thursday – Uttaraphalguni
Friday – Jyeshtha
Saturday – Revati

27 Yogas

Yogas are of two types:
1. Naisargika Yoga
2. Tatkalika Yoga
Naisargika Yogas:
!. Vishkambha (Supported) — prevails over others, victorious over enemies, obtains property, wealthy.
2. Priti (Fondness) — well-liked, attracted to the opposite sex, enjoys life with contentment.
3. Ayushman (Long-lived) — good health and longevity, energetic.
4. Saubhagya (Good Fortune) — enjoys a comfortable life full of opportunities,
5. Shobhana (Splendor) — lustrous body and demeanor, sensualist, obsessed with sex.
6.  Atiganda (Danger or obstacles) — difficult life due to numerous obstacles and accidents; revengeful and angry.
7. Sukarma (Virtuous) — performs noble deeds, magnanimous and charitable, wealthy.
8. Dhriti (Determination) — enjoys the wealth, goods and spouses of others; indulges in the hospitality of others.
9. Shoola (Spear, Pain) — confrontational and contrary, quarrelsome, angry.
10. Ganda (Danger or obstacles) — flawed morals or ethics, troublesome personality.
11. Vriddhi (Growth) — intelligent, opportunistic and discerning;
life constantly improves with age.
12. Dhruva (Constant) — steady character, able to concentrate and persist, wealthy.
13. Vyaghata (Beating) — cruel, intent on harming others.
14. Harshana (Thrilling) — intelligent, delights in merriment and humor.
15. Vajra (Diamond, Thunderbolt) — well-off, lecherous, unpredictable, forceful.
16. Siddhi (Success) — skillful and accomplished in several areas; protector and supporter of others.
17. Vyatipata (Calamity) — prone to sudden mishaps and reversals, fickle and unreliable.
18. Variyan (Comfort) — loves ease and luxury, lazy, lascivious.
19. Parigha (Obstruction) — encounters many obstacles to progress in life; irritable and meddlesome.
20. Shiva (Auspicious) — honored by superiors and government, placid, learned and religious, wealthy.
21. Siddha (Accomplished) — accommodating personality, pleasant nature, interest in ritual and spirituality.
22. Sadhya (Amenable) — well behaved, accomplished manners and etiquette.
23. Shubha (Auspicious) — lustrous body and personality, but problems with health; wealthy, irritable.
24. Shukla (Bright White) — garrulous and flighty, impatient and impulsive; unsteady and changeable mind.
25. Brahma (Priest, God) — trustworthy and confidential, ambitious, good discernment and judgment.
26. Indra (Chief) — interest in education and knowledge; helpful, well-off.
27. Vaidhriti (Poor Support) — critical, scheming nature; powerful and overwhelming mentally or physically.
1. Naisargika Yogas remain in the same order and is operative for each day.
2. Vyatipata and Vaidhriti should be avoided for all auspicious occasions.
Tatkalika Yogas
1. Takalika Yogas are formed by a special combination of thithi-vara-nakashatra.
2. These yogas give results according to the meanings of their names. For example, Siddhi, Amrita, Dagdha, Visha, Mrithyu, yamagandka etc.,
3. Bhadra Thithi (2, 7 & 12) on Wednesday gives Siddhi Yoga
4. Jaya Thithi (3, 8 &13) on Wednesday gives Amrita Yoga
5. Trithiya on Wednesday causes Dagdha Yoga
6. Dwitiya on Wednesday causes Visha Yoga